What is malaria?
Malaria is a life-threatening mosquito-borne blood disease caused by a Plasmodium parasite.
Malaria is a serious, sometimes fatal, disease spread by mosquitoes and caused by a parasite. The illness presents with flu-like symptoms that include high fever and chills.
Malaria is a life-threatening disease. It’s typically transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Infected mosquitoes carry the Plasmodium parasite. When this mosquito bites you, the parasite is released into your bloodstream.
Once the parasites are inside your body, they travel to the liver, where they mature. After several days, the mature parasites enter the bloodstream and begin to infect red blood cells. Within 48 to 72 hours, the parasites inside the red blood cells multiply, causing the infected cells to burst open.
Facts on malaria:
Here are some key points about the malaria:
The Anopheles mosquito carries the parasite and is where the parasite starts its life cycle.
The parasite has multiple subspecies, each causing a different severity of symptoms and responding to different treatments.
The parasite first travels to a human’s liver to grow and multiply. It then travels in the bloodstream and infects and destroys red blood cells.
The parasites continue to infect red blood cells, resulting in symptoms that occur in cycles that last two to three days at a time.
Causes of Malaria:
Intestinal sickness happens when a chomp from the female Anopheles mosquito taints the body with Plasmodium. Just the Anopheles mosquito can transmit jungle fever.
Intestinal sickness happens when a chomp from the female Anopheles mosquito taints the body with Plasmodium. Just the Anopheles mosquito can transmit intestinal sickness.
The effective improvement of the parasite inside the mosquito relies upon a few factors, the most vital being mugginess and encompassing temperatures.
At the point when a contaminated mosquito nibbles a human host, the parasite enters the circulation system and lays torpid inside the liver.
The host will have no indications for a normal of 10.5 days, however the jungle fever parasite will start duplicating amid this time.
The new intestinal sickness parasites are then discharged over into the circulatory system, where they contaminate red platelets and increase further. Some jungle fever parasites stay in the liver and are not discharged until some other time, bringing about repeat.
Intestinal sickness can happen if a mosquito tainted with the Plasmodium parasite nibbles you. There are four sorts of jungle fever parasites that can taint people: Plasmodium vivax, P. ovale, P. malariae, and P. falciparum. P. falciparum causes a more extreme type of the infection and the individuals who get this type of jungle fever have a higher danger of death. A contaminated mother can likewise pass the infection to her child during childbirth. This is known as inborn jungle fever. Intestinal sickness is transmitted by blood, so it can likewise be transmitted through:
An organ transplant
Utilization of shared needles or syringes
symptoms of Malaria:
The symptoms of malaria typically develop within 10 days to four weeks following the infection. In some cases, symptoms may not develop for several months. Some malarial parasites can enter the body but will be dormant for long periods of time. Common symptoms of malaria are:
This is diagnosed when symptoms are present, but there are no signs to indicate severe infection or dysfunction of the vital organs.
This form can become severe malaria if left untreated, or if the host has poor or no immunity.
Symptoms of uncomplicated malaria typically last 6 to 10 hours and recur every second day. Some strains of the parasite can have a longer cycle or cause mixed symptoms.
As symptoms resemble those of flu, they may be undiagnosed or misdiagnosed in areas where malaria is less common.
In uncomplicated malaria, symptoms progress as follows, through cold, hot, and sweating stages:
fever, headaches, and vomiting
sweats, followed by a return to normal temperature, with tiredness
seizures sometimes occur in younger people with the disease
A sensation of cold with shivering
In severe malaria, clinical or laboratory evidence shows signs of vital organ dysfunction.
Symptoms of severe malaria include:
clinical jaundice and evidence of vital organ dysfunction
abnormal bleeding and signs of anemia
deep breathing and respiratory distress
prostration, or adopting a prone position
fever and chills
Types of malaria:
P. falciparum: found in tropical and subtropical areas; major contributor to deaths from severe malaria
P. ovale: found in Africa and the Pacific islands
P. vivax: found in Asia and Latin America; has a dormant stage that can cause relapses
P. knowlesi: found throughout Southeast Asia; can rapidly progress from an uncomplicated case to a severe malaria infection
P. malariae: worldwide; can cause a chronic infection
Parasites of the genus Plasmodium cause malaria. Although there are many species of Plasmodium, only five infect humans and cause malaria.
How is malaria treated?
malaria can be a dangerous condition, particularly in the event that you have P. falciparum. Treatment for the ailment is ordinarily given in a doctor’s facility. Your specialist will endorse medicines in light of the sort of parasite that you have. In a few occurrences, the pharmaceutical endorsed may not clear the contamination in view of parasite protection from drugs. On the off chance that this happens, your specialist may need to utilize in excess of one drug or change meds inside and out to treat your condition. Furthermore, certain sorts of malaria, for example, P. vivax and P. ovale, have liver stages where the parasite can live in your body for an expanded time frame and reactivate at a later date causing a backslide of the contamination. In the event that you are found to have one of these kinds of malaria, you will be given a second solution to keep a backslide later on.
Tips to avoid malaria
There’s no antibody accessible to counteract malaria. Converse with your specialist in case you’re flying out to a region where jungle fever is normal or in the event that you live in such a zone. You might be endorsed meds to keep the infection. These solutions are the same as those used to treat the infection and ought to be taken previously, amid, and after your excursion.
Converse with your specialist about long haul aversion in the event that you live in a territory where jungle fever is normal. Dozing under a mosquito net may help forestall being chomped by a tainted mosquito. Covering your skin or utilizing bug splashes containing DEET may likewise help forestall disease. In case you’re uncertain if jungle fever is pervasive in your general vicinity, the CDC has an a la mode guide of where malaria can be found.
What Is the Incubation Period Malaria?
The incubation period between infection with malaria by a mosquito bite and initial symptoms may range from one week to one year. Generally, the incubation period ranges from nine to 14 days for P. falciparum, 12-18 days for P. vivax, and 18-40 days for P. ovale.
What Is the Follow-up for Malaria?
Patients should report any recurrent fever or symptoms to their doctor because treatment failures may occur. People who have had malaria should not donate blood for at least three years after treatment and should notify the donation center that they have had malaria. People who traveled to areas where malaria occurs also should not donate blood or other blood products for a period of time, which varies according to the circumstance. Contact the donation center for specific advice.
For more information, contact Dr. Monika Mamidwar. We provide Malaria Treatment in Pimple Saudagar, Pimple Nilakh, Wakad, Aundh, Baner, Vishal Nagar.